Non-GMO means non-genetically modified organisms. GMOs (genetically modified organisms), are novel organisms created in a laboratory using genetic modification/engineering techniques. Scientists and consumer and environmental groups have cited many health and environmental risks with foods containing GMOs.
Z-Index maintains and updates the G-Standaard, the Dutch drug database which is used by all parties in healthcare in the Netherlands. The G-Standaard contains all the products that are dispensed by or used in the pharmacy. It enables an efficient exchange of information between healthcare parties.
The G-Standaard covers information about licensed medicines; unlicensed medicines (e.g. raw materials and compounding preparations); vitamins and other nutritional supplements; homeopathic medicines; and medical devices. More than 100.000 care products are registered in G-Standaard. To each care product information is added, for example about pharmacovigilance, price, logistics and the reimbursement policy of various health insurers.
EFSA is a European agency funded by the European Union that operates independently of the European legislative and executive institutions (Commission, Council, Parliament) and EU Member States.
It was set up in 2002 following a series of food crises in the late 1990s to be a source of scientific advice and communication on risks associated with the food chain. The agency was legally established by the EU under the General Food Law - Regulation 178/2002.
The General Food Law created a European food safety system in which responsibility for risk assessment (science) and for risk management (policy) are kept separate. EFSA is responsible for the former area, and also has a duty to communicate its scientific findings to the public.